Australian War Memorial - AJRP Glossary of military terms, ranks and units

   
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AJRP Glossary of military terms, ranks and units
This page lists the translations used in the AJRP database for common Japanese military terms, ranks and units.
(Hint: typing "rank" or "unit" in a search of the glossary will produce a comprehensive list of rank or unit translations used by the AJRP.)
bakuretsu ryűdan爆裂榴弾high explosive shell
bakuretsu sh˘jűdan爆裂小銃弾explosive bullet
bakuro jinchi暴露陣地exposed (field) position
bakury˘幕僚staff officer
bakury˘ch˘幕僚長chief staff officer
bakuyaku爆薬powder, explosive
banba chűtai馬場中隊draught horse company
bankoku sekijűjisha万国赤十字社International Red Cross Society
bans˘k˘絆創膏(adhesive) bandage, sticking plaster
banzai!万歳banzai! (long live the Emperor) (Note: Literally: "Ten thousand years!" (i.e., to the Emperor))
bapp˘罰俸reduction of pay (as punishment)
barasutoバラストballast (for airships)
b˘bi butai防備部隊defence force
b˘eki kyűsuibu防疫給水部infectious disease prevention and water supply unit
b˘ekihan防疫班infectious disease prevention squad
b˘kű防空anti-aircraft defence
b˘kű butai防空部隊anti-aircraft defence unit
bokumetsu撲滅destruction, eradication
b˘sen防戦defensive warfare
boshű募集recruitment (Note: In a military context, this term refers to the recruitment of soldiers; but it is also used more generally to refer to the recruitment of employees, contractors, volunteers, etc. )
botai母隊home regiment
b˘t˘暴徒riot, insurgency
budan seiji武断政治military government (Note: This term is no longer frequently used; contemporary texts tend to use "gunji seiken" or "gunsei")
bugi武技military arts
bukan武官military official, officer (Note: as opposed to a civil official)
buki武器weapon (general) (Note: Can refer to any weapon of war, e.g., rifles, swords or cannons are all "buki")
buki gakari kashi武器掛下士non-commissioned officer in charge of arms & equipment
bumpai分配distribution (of supplies or equipment)
bungy˘ ky˘iku分業教育specialised training (Note: This term would appear on the service records of officers or soldiers in training)
bunka分課allotment of duties




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