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Item title: Lessons from the Saipan operations
Title (kanji)
Location:Australian War Memorial (AWM55 5/30)
View information about obtaining a copy of this document
AJRP details
AJRP module: Australian War Memorial official records
AJRP series: Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) publications
AJRP sub-series: ATIS enemy publications
AJRP folder:
Location details
Institution: Australian War Memorial
Call number: AWM55 5/30
Inst. series: AWM55
Inst. sub-series: AWM55 5/-
Item: EP-328
Item qualities
Quantity / desc: 9 pages
Access: Open
Item type: Unpublished, Official
Category: Battle report
Item content
Creation date (d/m/y): 5/3/1945
Conflict code: Pacific War (1941-1945)
Australian unit names:
Allied unit names:
Japanese unit names:16th Division HQ I 6551 Force
Languages: English
Area:Leyte [Philippines]
Saipan [Central Pacific, North Mariana Islands]
Content: This is an Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) translation of a Japanese publication captured at Leyte between 20 and 27 October 1944 during the US campaign to recapture the Philippines. This item is a report entitled "Lessons from the Saipan operations", issued on 12 October 1944 by I 6551 Force, 16th Division Headquarters. Based on the US landings at Saipan, it contains information on island defence, training, camouflage and fortifications, use of hand-to-hand combat, smoke, communications, use of artillery at water's edge, water supply and enemy tactics.

The US landings at Saipan on 15 June 1944 included convoy of 535 ships and were among the largest and most intensive of the war. Japanese defenders resisted fiercely and hostilities on the island lasted until 9 July. The loss of Saipan (and later Tinian and Guam) signalled the inevitability of an Allied victory. This document is indicative of the Japanese Army's final attempts to reform their defensive tactics and draw lessons from a costly defeat: "if we persist in employing the inflexible and stereotyped methods used up to now, the enemy will have the upper hand".
Other information
Last modified:03/05/2009 09:01:23 AM
Source:AJRP staff

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