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Item title: The Palawan massacre
Title (kanji)
Location:Australian War Memorial (AWM55 12/104)
View information about obtaining a copy of this document
AJRP details
AJRP module: Australian War Memorial official records
AJRP series: Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) publications
AJRP sub-series: ATIS research reports
AJRP folder:
Location details
Institution: Australian War Memorial
Call number: AWM55 12/104
Inst. series: AWM55
Inst. sub-series: AWM55 12/-
Item: RR-133
Item qualities
Quantity / desc: 20 pages
Access: Open
Item type: Unpublished, Official
Category: Information report
Item content
Creation date (d/m/y): 15/5/1946
Conflict code: Pacific War (1941-1945)
Australian unit names:
Allied unit names:
Japanese unit names:131st Airfield Bn
Languages: English
Area:Palawan [Philippines]
Puerto Princesa [Philippines, Palawan]
Content: This is an Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) research report issued on 15 May 1946 on the Palawan massacre in the Philippines on 14 December 1944. From 13 December 1944 Japanese forces in the southern Philippines were alerted against an invasion of US troops. Erroneously predicting that the destination was Palawan Island, Japanese commanders of the Palawan prison camp (131st Airfield Battalion) herded 150 American prisoners into three covered trenches which were then set on fire. Prisoners who tried to escape were shot and those who managed to flee over a cliff were later discovered and executed. Eleven escaped the massacre.
This report contains documentary evidence of the massacre, including a historical overview of the Japanese presence on Palawan, details of the responsibility for the construction of the airfield at Puerto Princesa, the organisation and chain of command for the 131st Airfield Battalion, diary entries about the killings and information about the treatment and attitude of the prisoners prior to the massacre. It also contains a chart showing Japanese units on Palawan on 2 September 1944.
Other information
Last modified:03/05/2009 09:06:01 AM
Source:AJRP staff

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