|Item title:||Japan's decision to fight|
|Location:||Australian War Memorial (AWM55 12/102) |
View information about obtaining a copy of this document
|AJRP module:||Australian War Memorial official records|
|AJRP series:||Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) publications|
|AJRP sub-series:||ATIS research reports|
|Institution:||Australian War Memorial|
|Call number:||AWM55 12/102|
|Inst. sub-series:||AWM55 12/-|
|Quantity / desc:||88 pages|
|Item type:||Unpublished, Official|
|Creation date (d/m/y):||1/12/1945|
|Conflict code:||Pacific War (1941-1945)|
|Keywords:||RECONNAISSANCE, NAVAL OPERATIONS, NAVAL EXERCISES, TRAINING, JAPANESE MIDGET SUBMARINES, AERIAL OPERATIONS, AUSTRALIAN ARMY, MILITARY OPERATIONS, IMPERIAL JAPANESE ARMY, IMPERIAL JAPANESE NAVY|
|Australian unit names:|
|Allied unit names:|
|Japanese unit names:|
|Names:||YAMAMOTO Isoroku, Commander in Chief Combined Fleet; NAGUMO Chuichi, Task Force Cdr|
|Area:||New Guinea [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands)]|
Netherlands East Indies (Indonesia)
Singapore [Malaya–British Borneo (Malaysia & Singapore)]
Pearl Harbor [Central Pacific, Hawaiian Islands, Oahu]
|Content:||This is an Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) research report issued on 1 December 1945 on Japan's decision to launch the Greater East Asian War and attempts to establish a date upon which the Japanese Government committed itself to launching attacks on American, British and Dutch possessions in the Pacific Area. It contains a wide range of evidence and information including, a chronology of Japanese military preparations between January and 8 December 1941, details of war games among high-ranking Japanese officials, rumours of war in Truk, preparations for the Malayan campaign and jungle warfare, the date the task force sailed for Pearl Harbour, a map of the task force's route, the attack on Guam Island, the landing on the Philippines, training for war against the United States, training for an assault on Singapore and the Philippines, the construction of bases on Palau, the collection of metals and preparations for a midget submarine raid on Pearl Harbour. |
A section on pre-war espionage and reconnaissance contains a sketch of Allied air forces in the South-West Pacific Area at 6 December 1941, information on pre-war submarine reconnaissance of Pearl Harbour, intelligence estimates of the US forces in the Philippines prior to the outbreak of war, a sketch showing Netherlands East Indies defence forces, pre-war espionage in New Guinea and Australia including a detailed sketch and list of the organisation of the Australian Army in July 1940. Of particular note is a reference to a March 1941 report about the strategic significance of the south coast of New Guinea for operations against Australia and to force Allied naval vessels to detour to Australia's south coast. No invasion of the Australian mainland was proposed. A list of Japanese publications (maps, military geography, training documents, field manuals, identification handbooks, health manuals) produced in the 18 months prior to the outbreak of war is also included.
Appendix A contains a diary of Japan's preparations for war, dated 10 October to 7 December 1941. Appendix B consists of a reply to a questionnaire concerning the attack on Pearl Harbour based on the recollections of senior Japanese naval officers. Task Force orders and plans for the attack on Pearl Harbour from YAMAMOTO, Isoroku, Commander in Chief of the Combined Fleet and NAGUMO Chuichi, Task Force Commander, are also included.
The report concluded that plans for an attack on Pearl Harbour had been formulated in early September 1941 at the naval war games held in Tokyo, but that preliminary planning extended back much farther. However, the Japanese Government only officially committed itself to war with the United States, Britain and the Netherlands at the end of October 1941 when Imperial General Headquarters issued a document specifying relative command, jurisdiction, and the task and responsibilities of the Army and Navy.
|Last modified:||03/05/2009 09:02:58 AM|
The AJRP has wound up its activities at the Memorial for the moment.
Please contact the relevant officer of the Australian War Memorial for assistance.
Internet implementation by Fulton Technology and AJRP staff .
Visit the Australian War Memorial home page.