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Item title: Casualty figures: response of Japanese prisoners to inquiries about weapons wounding them and which were most feared
Title (kanji)
Location:Australian War Memorial (AWM55 12/29)
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AJRP details
AJRP module: Australian War Memorial official records
AJRP series: Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) publications
AJRP sub-series: ATIS research reports
AJRP folder:
Location details
Institution: Australian War Memorial
Call number: AWM55 12/29
Inst. series: AWM55
Inst. sub-series: AWM55 12/-
Item: RR-48
Item qualities
Quantity / desc: 8 pages
Access: Open
Item type: Unpublished, Official
Category: Information report
Item content
Creation date range (d/m/y): 23/9/1943 to 17/10/1943
Conflict code: Pacific War (1941-1945)
Australian unit names:
Allied unit names:
Japanese unit names:
Languages: English
Area:Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands)
New Britain [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands), Bismarck Archipelago]
Salamaua [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands), New Guinea, Mubo–Salamaua Area]
Lae [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands), New Guinea, Huon Peninsula, Lae–Markham River Area]
Buna Area [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands), Papua, Owen Stanley Range]
Guadalcanal [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands), Solomon Islands]
Content: This is an Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) research report on Japanese casualties and the psychological effect of Allied weapons. The enquiry was received on 23 September 1943 and an answer despatched on 17 October 1943. Based on a survey of current translations and interrogation reports, ATIS researchers divided the research report into two sections, "Casualties caused by various Allied weapons" and "Psychological effects of various weapons". They contain extracts concerning the general effectiveness and psychological impact of Allied mortar fire, bombing, strafing, artillery fire and rifle fire. The emphasis of the recollections contained in the ATIS report is that the constant Allied bombing and strafing had the most sustained impact on Japanese morale. Mortar fire and the intensity of US artillery was also greatly feared by Japanese troops. The extracts selected for this report relate to operations across the South-West Pacific Area, particularly New Britain, Lae-Salamaua, Buna and Guadalcanal.
Other information
Last modified:03/05/2009 09:06:11 AM
Source:AJRP staff

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