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Item title: Use of Japanese language place names to bolster troop morale in New Guinea
Title (kanji)
Location:Australian War Memorial (AWM55 12/15)
View information about obtaining a copy of this document
AJRP details
AJRP module: Australian War Memorial official records
AJRP series: Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) publications
AJRP sub-series: ATIS research reports
AJRP folder:
Location details
Institution: Australian War Memorial
Call number: AWM55 12/15
Inst. series: AWM55
Inst. sub-series: AWM55 12/-
Item: RR-33
Item qualities
Quantity / desc: 13 pages
Access: Open
Item type: Unpublished, Official
Category: Information report
Item content
Creation date (d/m/y): 5/8/1943
Conflict code: Pacific War (1941-1945)
Australian unit names:
Allied unit names:
Japanese unit names:Takamura Bn
Languages: English
New Guinea [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands)]
Content: This is an Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) research report on Japanese code names and the use of Japanese place names to boost troop morale. The enquiry was received on 5 August 1943 and an answer despatched on 4 September 1943. This report relates to a system of codes and classifications known as "Tsudoi". In addition to their normal company/unit designations, members of the Takamura Battalion were also grouped into companies (tsudoi) according to villages from which they came. ATIS researchers wrote that the purpose of this "semi-mystical, semi-military" code appeared to be for security and to raise morale by emphasising the troops' local connections. The use of Japanese names for local towns and features in New Guinea served a similar purpose: "it recalls their homeland and all they are fighting for". It is not clear if this concept was applied more widely in different battalions.
Other information
Last modified:03/05/2009 09:02:47 AM
Source:AJRP staff

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