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Item title: Gas warfare references in Japanese documents
Title (kanji)
Location:Australian War Memorial (AWM55 12/22)
View information about obtaining a copy of this document
AJRP details
AJRP module: Australian War Memorial official records
AJRP series: Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) publications
AJRP sub-series: ATIS research reports
AJRP folder:
Location details
Institution: Australian War Memorial
Call number: AWM55 12/22
Inst. series: AWM55
Inst. sub-series: AWM55 12/-
Item: RR-41
Item qualities
Quantity / desc: 2 pages
Access: Open
Item type: Unpublished, Official
Category: Information report
Item content
Creation date (d/m/y): 22/9/1943
Conflict code: Pacific War (1941-1945)
Australian unit names:
Allied unit names:
Japanese unit names:
Languages: English
Area:Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands)
Content: This is an Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) research report on references to gas warfare in Japanese documents. The enquiry was received on 22 September 1943 and an answer despatched on 26 September 1943. This enquiry was in response to a Japanese diary entry for 13 May 1943 (Current Translation no. 80, 8 September 1943) which claimed that an Allied bomber had dropped gas bombs. The research report explained that the writer of the diary was captured and interrogated (Interrogation Report no. 164 A) and confirmed that the intended meaning of "gas bomb" was of a poison or chemical bomb. The report also cites a manual entitled "Provisional manual of gas protection" issued on 10 March 1927, which defined "gasu" (the Japanese translation for gas) as a "general terminology for a chemical substance either gas, liquid or solid used with the objective of injuring men and animals (except those intended to be used as gun powder, explosives, flame or simply as smoke), also a gas harmful to men and animals produced when carrying on firing under cover".
Other information
Last modified:03/05/2009 09:01:26 AM
Source:AJRP staff

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