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Item title: 1st Shipping Construction Depot field diary, 1 July - 31 December 1942
Title (kanji)
Location:Australian War Memorial (AWM55 5/25)
View information about obtaining a copy of this document
AJRP details
AJRP module: Australian War Memorial official records
AJRP series: Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) publications
AJRP sub-series: ATIS enemy publications
AJRP folder:
Location details
Institution: Australian War Memorial
Call number: AWM55 5/25
Inst. series: AWM55
Inst. sub-series: AWM55 5/-
Item: EP-299
Item qualities
Quantity / desc: 19 pages
Access: Open
Item type: Unpublished, Official
Category: Official diary
Item content
Creation date (d/m/y): 21/1/1945
Conflict code: Pacific War (1941-1945)
Australian unit names:
Allied unit names:
Japanese unit names:1st Shipping Construction Depot
Oregon Maru
Languages: English
Area:Ujina (Hiroshima Bay) [Japan–Formosa, Honshû, Hiroshima Prefecture]
Aitape [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands), New Guinea, Aitape–Wewak Area]
Rangoon [Burma–Thailand, Burma]
Singapore [Malaya–British Borneo (Malaysia & Singapore)]
Manila [Philippines, Luzon]
New Britain [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands), Bismarck Archipelago]
Content: This is an Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) translation of Japanese publications captured at Aitape on 17 May 1944 during the Allied attacks on Japanese positions in northern New Guinea, which were intended to isolate the 18th Army at Wewak. This item is a selective summary of a field diary belonging to 1 Shipping Construction Depot, dated 1 July to 31 December 1942, which served on-board repair ship Oregon Maru, sunk by Allied submarines on 18 November 1942. The entries commence while the ship was serving at Rangoon, then Singapore and Ujina, before being ordered to Rabaul on 28 October 1942. The diary contains an account of the sinking of the vessel while en-route to New Britain via Manila. The survivors returned to Ujina for reorganisation. The item also contains unit and officer identifications, courses followed by Oregon Maru and names of other ships in the convoy, reports received on positions of Allied submarines and of ships torpedoed, suggested countermeasures to submarine attack, sketches of the attack and charts of casualties and cargo lost.

The loss of the repair ship and many technicians was a severe blow. The diary recommended that in future only faster, more modern ships be used as repair vessels.
Other information
Last modified:03/05/2009 09:06:10 AM
Source:AJRP staff

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