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Item title: Documents regarding war crimes and status of Indian workers
Title (romaji): Sensô hanzai ni kansuru tsûshin
Title (kanji)
Location:Australian War Memorial (AWM 82 2/246)
View information about obtaining a copy of this document
AJRP details
AJRP module: Australian War Memorial official records
AJRP series: AWM 82 captured Japanese documents
AJRP sub-series: Post-surrender Rabaul material received from HQ 8 Military District
AJRP folder:
Location details
Institution: Australian War Memorial
Call number: AWM 82 2/246
Inst. series: AWM 82
Inst. sub-series: 2/- Post-surrender material received from HQ 8 Military District (Rabaul)
Item: 2/246
Item qualities
Quantity / desc: 25 pages, typed, carbon copy, and handwritten in ink and pencil
Access: Open
Item type: Unpublished, Official
Category: Administrative document
Item content
Creation date (d/m/y): ?/?/c1946
Conflict code: Post-war (related to WW2)
Australian unit names: 11th Division
Allied unit names:
Japanese unit names:South East Area Army
Names: IMAMURA Hitoshi, Gen; MacArthur, Gen; Eather, Maj Gen Kenneth W; Thornborough, Maj
Sender: IMAMURA Hitoshi, Gen
Recipient: Eather, Maj Gen KW
Languages: English, Japanese
Area:Rabaul Area [Melanesia (PNG, Irian Jaya & Solomon Islands), Bismarck Archipelago, New Britain]
Content: This item consists of two carbon copies of General IMAMURA's submission regarding the status of Indian collaborators and the acknowledgement of its receipt from Major Thornborough. The copies are accompanied by the original draft of the submission in Japanese and a Japanese translation of Major Thornborough's acknowledgement. In the cover letter to Major General Eather, IMAMURA requests the submission to be conveyed to General MacArthur. With reference to the military order issued on 22 April 1943, IMAMURA claims that Indian substitute soldiers are not prisoners of war but collaborators who pledged their loyalty to the Japanese forces with a view to achieving India's independence under Chandra Bose. For this reason, he argues that inappropriate treatment of the Indian substitute soldiers, if any, should not be a subject of war crimes trials but a matter to be decided under the Japanese military regulations. Similar problems regarding Indonesian and Chinese substitute soldiers are also discussed. IMAMURA explains that he, the supreme commander of the Japanese forces in the Rabaul Area, is solely responsible for his subordinates' conduct, and suggests that he should be put on trial if any of the acts of his subordinates towards foreign collaborators is regarded as a war crime.
AWM 82 captured Japanese document details
Title: Documents regarding war crimes and status of Indian workers
ATIS number:
Item status: Original document
Item type: Unpublished, Official
Names: IMAMURA Hitoshi, Gen; MacArthur, Gen; Eather, Maj Gen Kenneth W; Thornborough, Maj
Names (kanji ):
Sender: IMAMURA Hitoshi, Gen
Sender (kanji):
Recipient: Eather, Maj Gen KW
Recipient (kanji):
Japanese unit names: South East Area Army
Japanese unit names (romaji):Nantô Hômengun
Japanese unit names (kanji)
Place of acquisition: Rabaul Area
Date of acquisition:
Other information
Last modified:03/05/2009 10:07:05 AM
Source:AJRP staff

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